What is the population in Russia?
The way out of the demographic crisis for Russia, inSoon, it does not shine. This conclusion of specialists against the background of increasing fertility and improving the quality of life, a little depressing. Moreover, the population is largely supported by migration. And, anyway, in recent years, the population of Russia has significantly decreased, and is 142.9 million people, according to the 2010 census.
Dynamics of population
From the 1989 census, already as of 2002year, the population of the Russian Federation has decreased by 1 800 000 people. And, the next census has established, what number of the population in Russia, as of 2010, and noted its decrease by 2.3 million more people. Thus, in the world rating of the Russian Federation it dropped to the eighth place in terms of population, having conceded the seventh place of Bangladesh.
The rural population was particularlydecreases three times faster than the urban one. The proportion of the female population continues to increase, which now exceeds the male population by 10.7 million people. The average age of Russians over the past eight years has grown by 1 year and 5 months, and is 39 years. The number of unregistered (civil) marriages is increasing - 13% (+ 3.3%), and the number of divorces is also increasing.
Russia - the Federal Republic, which includesthemselves 83 subjects of the Federation. What is the population in Russia? The most numerous nationality is Russian - more than 82% of the country's population. Most compactly, they are located in the center of Russia, as well as in Eastern, Western Siberia, and the Far East. In addition to Russians, the Slavic group also includes Belarusians who live mainly in the west, and Ukrainians who inhabit the southern regions of the country. Together with other nationalities of the former USSR, they make up about 5% of the population.
Tatars - the second largest population of Russia (4%),belong to the Ural-Volga group, which accounts for 8% of the total. An even smaller share falls on the peoples of the North Caucasus - 3%, and the share of Siberians - 0.6%.
Every nation has the right to communicate at home forhis language, but the language of interethnic communication is recognized, of course, Russian. By the way, an interesting fact was published by RBC magazine (No. 11, 2007), according to which out of 12 million Muscovites, only 3.72 million are Russian. In other words, the indigenous population of the country in the capital is a national minority.
What is the population density in Russia?
Historical and natural climatic factorsdetermined the uneven distribution of the population across the territory of the Russian Federation. Most of it (78.6%) lives on an area accounting for 24.7% of the total. This is the European part of the country and the Urals. Here the population density is 36.7 people per 1 km². At the same time, these indicators for Siberia are mirrored: 21.4% of the country's population lives on an area of 74.6% of the total territory.
The average indicator of population density (8.7 people. per 1 km²) is inferior to the overwhelming majority of the countries of the world, and also, almost, to all countries of the former USSR. The only exception is Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan, where this indicator is even lower.
Weak development of the northern territories is due toclimatic factors and low infrastructure development. Thus, seven subjects of the Federation are inhabited by less than one person per square kilometer. The lowest figure is in the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug - 0.07 people. for 1 km².
What kind of population prevails in Russia
The age composition of the population determines the maintrend in the near future, regarding the change in its strength. Thus, in Russia, 20% of children under the age of 14, 68% of the working-age population, and 12% older than 65 years.
By sex. Men in the total population occupy 46%, that is, for 100 women there are 88 men.
A family. Now in Russia, close to 40 million families, including incomplete. Only 10% of families in their composition have 4 or more people, and 90% - 2-3 people.
The urban population in the total number occupies 72.4% (104,917 people).
Number of believers in the country according to different sourcesvaries from 70 to 100 million people. Among them, the overwhelming majority - 41% - Orthodox believers, 6.5% - Muslims, 4.1% - Christians, not belonging to any confession; the rest are followers of Tengrians, Buddhists, Old Believers, Protestants, and others.