What are social norms?
A person lives in a society and he can notaccept the rules of this society. Since childhood we are taught how to act, what to do, what is right and what is not. And when we did not act the way we were taught to do, we were punished, then small ones. It was then that we first encountered social norms. It was in childhood that we started to understand what social norms are. Of course, we should not think that in all countries the same social nomas, we also need to take into account the cultural factor. So, in some cultures it is customary to bow down at a meeting, and in some it does not play any role.
Throughout my life we meet withby many people. Previously, even in the primitive world, people were content with the charter, enjoyable in their tribe or community. Great influence on them was made by beliefs, myths, rituals, customs, rituals. Later influenced by the church, and recently, a huge role was played by the state. It should be borne in mind that the diversity of human activities, his activities in society led to the division and a wide variety of his everyday rules of conduct.
The definition of a norm is understood as "worthy of a sample", "rule of imitation", etc. Its meaning is that it shows the boundary of the phenomenon, the object, while it retains its significance.
For example, technical norms are created for regulationpeace and technology and people, but social, in turn, regulate our attitude in society (between people and other structures). Social norms are rules. They are important in the human relationship, they are called upon to take into account our interests and the interests of other participants in these norms (universal norms, norms of social groups).
Signs of social norms
- Regulation of situations occurring in our lives(public relations). This can be understood as behavior in a public place, attitude towards the older generation, holding rallies, organizing holidays, etc.
- These norms are always repeated many times. Example: if the situation has repeated, these norms regulate it again, they are not one-time social norms of a person.
- Social norms are not created for one person or a group of people, they are created immediately for many participants in the state or even several states.
- Violation of these rules the state may not be punished, but always follows the condemnation of people.
The concept of the social norm and its properties
Social norms are our rule of behavior in society. It is thanks to them, we interact with each other, it is they who point to the model of our behavior.
- Social norms are of a general nature. Norms operate, not ceasing, and are calculated on all society.
- These norms require mandatory implementation. They are created to create order in society and therefore their instrument of pressure is public opinion and its court.
Summing up, we can safely say thatpublic opinion never ceases to operate, is protected by people themselves, acts on the whole society. Observing all of the above, we respect social values and norms
Types of social norms
As we wrote above, as usual, socialnorms norms of morality, our customs, norms of public organizations, but sometimes still distinguish other types of social norms: cultural norms, aesthetic norms, political norms, organizational norms, norms of religion, norms of the labor group, norms, traditions. Also this norm can, as well as be fixed by the legislation and not fixed. Social values and norms are very important for the cultural heritage of people, so they help support not only the cultural part of norms for society, but also moral and many other important norms.
- Social norms of morality. They teach us what in the society of living means evil, and what is good, what is justice and injustice, what is good and what is bad ... etc.
- Social norms of customs. These are the rules that have become a habit of the people after their repeated repetition and transmission to their children.
- Norms are corporate. Basically, this is the organization's charter, and the rules of conduct in the organization prescribed in it.
- The norms are religious. These norms are not contained in the law of the state, but in the sacred books. Such as the Bible, the Koran and others.
- Legal norms. These norms can establish both the state itself and the people who live in it.
- The norms established for participants in the political process (parties of presidential candidates, political organizations) regulate political relations.
- Norms of tradition. These norms developed gradually and historically. They convey the general rules of maintaining family and national customs.
- Economic norms. These norms regulate the rules of production, distribution and consumption, produced by material for man.
- Business standards. They represent a set of rules for business communication (industrial, scientific, educational communication). They regulate people's everyday attitude.
- Standards of etiquette. They regulate the person's external behavior, regardless of his work. Etiquette varies for different countries, as it has developed historically under the great influence of culture.
We very much hope that you understand what social norms mean, and realized the importance of maintaining and maintaining culture in our world.