What are peptides?
In modern sports, many applypreparations for the growth of muscle mass and development of the body of the athlete, and also for the athlete to restore his strength to the next training in time. For this purpose, various sports nutrition is developed, drugs are cleverly used and even banned substances like steroids are used. Among the large number of drugs in recent times, the term "peptides" is very often heard. Many people say that this is a new word in sports. However, very few people understand what peptides are, how they are synthesized, what they need and how they are classified.
What does the term "peptides" mean?
Peptides are special substances that consist ofmolecules. These molecules in turn consist of residues of two or more amino acids. These amino acids bind to each other via a special bond, called "peptide". Hence the name of the substance.
Peptides are a building material forproteins that perform a very important function in the human body. Peptides have a positive effect on the body, preventing many diseases like cardiovascular, digestive disorders, prevent obesity, cancer, diabetes. Peptides also remove heavy metals and radionuclides from the body.
In sport, peptides perform a functionan additional building source for muscle recovery and preparation for the next workout. They help burn fat, accelerate the metabolism and help with the growth of muscle mass.
Classification of peptides
Peptides are divided into several types:
- Hormonal peptides are the hormones of the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, somatotropin, prolactin and other hormones.
- Neuropeptides are formed in the central and peripheral nervous systems. They regulate many processes in the body.
- Immunological hormone peptides have protective functions.
- Peptides-bioregulators, which control the work of the cells of the body.
Peptides can also be divided into sizes:
- From 10-20 residues of amino acids in peptides are oligopeptides.
- More than fifty amino acid residues and peptides are already converted into a protein and are called polypeptides.
In medicine, peptides can have several different classifications.
How peptides are synthesized
Synthesis of peptides in the body occurs duringa few minutes. In laboratory conditions and conditions of artificial synthesis, peptides can create in days and even months. The discovery of new, revolutionary, accelerated processes of peptide creation can take years.
Thanks to the synthesis of peptides on the market today,so-called, dietary supplements, which are used not only by athletes, but also by ordinary people to improve their well-being. Thanks to the synthesis of peptides, many drugs are created that are cheaper than analogues from natural components.
Peptides are synthesized by separation of polymericmolecules to monomers and amino acid residues. Moreover, in molecules of peptides there can be not only amino acid residues, but also various carbon useless residues, because the synthesis process is too complicated.
Also you can read our useful article on this site - How does the human body work.