Stylistically neutral synonym. A neutral stylistic synonym is ...
A stylistically neutral synonym is what? You will find the answer to this question in the materials of this article.
General information about synonyms in Russian
Before you talk about what is a stylistically neutral synonym, you should find out why such words are needed at all.
The term "synonym" came into Russian fromGreek, synonymos in translation means "eponymous". That is, they are words that differ markedly in sound, but are identical or close in meaning. It should also be noted that most synonyms belong to the same part of speech, although they often differ in stylistic coloring.
Let's give an example: husband - husband, watch - look, happy - joyful, here - here, beautiful - beautiful, homeland - fatherland and others.
What are the synonyms for?
About how to replace the word with a stylistically neutral synonym, we'll talk a little further. Now I want to tell you why they are generally necessary in oral and written speech.
As is known, the Russian language is wide, diverse andbeautiful. That is why when writing a text it is recommended to avoid repeats, using for this word-substitutes, that is synonyms. Thus, their main function is to increase the expressiveness of writing and speaking, and also to avoid their monotony.
When using synonyms, they should not be confused with nominal definitions. After all, the latter represent complete identity.
Classification of synonyms
Absolutely every synonym has its own peculiarity anda certain connotation of meaning that significantly distinguishes it from other similar parts of speech. Let's give an example: scarlet - purple, red - scarlet and others.
It should be specially noted that, despite the fact thatsynonyms always point to the same concept and have quite the same lexical meaning, they nevertheless differ among themselves expressive coloring, fixation for a certain style and frequency of use. Moreover, there are synonyms that simultaneously differ from each other in expressive coloration and lexical meaning.
In Russian, synonyms are classified by:
- Social evaluation of any subject. For example, the synonyms "salary" and "salary" reflect a completely different attitude to the reward received for work.
- Identifiable subjects. For example, the synonyms of "lyceum", "buffoon", "actor", "comedian" and "actor" reflect a different attitude to the profession of the actor and different periods in the development of the theater.
- Applicability in a specific style of speech. So, the synonyms "horse", "mare" and "horse" can not always be used in the same text. Here is an example: "A very proud horse jumps" - "A very proud mare (horse) jumps". As you can see, the substitution of another, close in meaning, gives the phrase a comical tone. To prevent such cases, it is better to use a stylistically neutral synonym. About what it is, we'll talk just below.
- Etymological significance. As a rule, it gives one of the synonyms a special color. For example, the features "fearless" and "bold" connect the general concept of "absence of fear" (in the first case), as well as "courage", "determination" and "daring" (in the second). In connection with this, these words can be used in context as opposites in meaning, that is, as antonyms.
- Absence or presence of portable values.
Stylistically neutral synonym
Now you know what synonyms are,for which they are needed in the text. As it was said above, such words are classified according to their applicability in a certain style of speech. That is, even words that are very close in meaning can not always be used in the same text. That is why in Russian there is such a thing as a stylistically neutral synonym. The term is used to mean words that are used absolutely in all styles, without exception. Moreover, they can be used not only in writing, but also in oral speech.
In order for the presented definition to becomeyou are more clear, give a concrete example. What stylistically neutral synonym can you replace the word "face"? As you know, he has quite a few different substitutes (for example, "little face", "face", "face", "face" and others). However, as the neutral, which can be suitable for any style, there is only one - the "face".
Stylistically neutral words in the text
Stylistically neutral synonym is a word,not attached to a specific style of speech (colloquial, bookish, or common), against which it is completely devoid of any stylistic coloring.
Let's give some examples:
- The word "roam" is a neutral analogue in comparison with the book "wander" and prostrate with "wagging", "wobbling".
- "Future" is a neutral synonym for comparison with the book "coming".
- The word "view" is compared to "look".
- The word "eyes" is compared to "eyes".
As is known, there are several styles in Russian:
- artistic (book);
Each of the listed styles has its ownFeatures that apply in both written and spoken language. But in order to diversify the artistic, official-business or any other text, when writing it or pronunciation it is necessary to use the words-substitutes. Of course, in a scientific or journalistic article it is not recommended to use, for example, a word like "blurts." Stylistically neutral synonym it is necessary to replace it, if there is no possibility to choose another, more suitable concept, which would correspond to separately taken text. This rule must also be followed in other cases when a word is not entirely suitable for a particular letter or article.
So, let's consider a concrete situation, whereit is necessary to eliminate the word "blurted out". Stylistically neutral synonym of this expression will serve "say". By the way, when selecting substitute words, you should always pay attention to the meaning of the source in one or another context. For example, the word "bloat" has several meanings:
- "Speak," "say," "speak out";
- "To soil anything."
If for the first case we have selected the appropriateneutral-stylistic synonym ("will say"), then in the second it is just as easy to do. For example, if the text was about someone "blurting a blot on paper", then this expression can be replaced by the following: "drop a drop on paper".
Examples of stylistic accessories
In order to consolidate knowledge of what isneutrally stylistic synonym, one should devote more time to practical exercises. In our case, we give a few examples, where words should be chosen in one or another text.
How to replace the word "impressed"? A stylistically neutral synonym for this expression can be fully served by the following: "sympathized", "caused respect", "liked". Here are a few more examples:
- "Cancel", "abolish" - "cancel";
- "Progress" is "improvement";
- "Foe" - "enemy";
- "Fragment" is an excerpt;
- "To rest" is to "sleep."
Quite often in the conversational style usedsuch words, which are extremely important to replace in order to avoid repetition and for the beautiful construction of oral speech. To do this, also use a stylistic neutral synonym. "Blurred" - this word has a large number of different meanings. For example, it can be used in different contexts.
- "After we met, he immediately broke into a smile and literally shone."
- "He blurred to such an extent that he could hardly fit in the doorway."
So how to choose a stylistically neutrala synonym for the word "blurred"? In the first case, this expression can easily be replaced by "smiled." As for the second context, the following words are applicable here: "plump," "gain weight".
Thus, by choosing the right stylisticNeutral synonym ("blurred" - this is either "plump" or "smiled"), you can easily compose not only a literate but also a beautiful text or an oral speech.
Here are a few more examples:
- "sleep" - "sleep";
- "confusion" is "vanity";
- "to force" - "to be more important";
- "nag" - "horse";
- "eat" - "eat", "eat";
- "beg" - "begging";
- "rip" - "rob";
- "roar" - "cry."
The scientific style differs from the rest not onlythat has a logical sequence of presentation, but also in that it contains a huge number of specific terms, that is, word combinations or words that denote the concepts of a special activity or of any area of knowledge. In this regard, during the creation of such a text or the preparation of oral speech, it is often necessary to use neutral synonyms. It should be specially noted that it is not always easy to find the right substitutes in a scientific article. After all, each term has its own special meaning, which is quite difficult to express in some other way. Although not infrequently there are concepts that have many neutral synonyms. Let's consider some of them:
- "limbs" - "paws";
- "atrophy" - "loss";
- "laser" - "ray";
- "prism" - "polyhedron";
- "symptom" is a "sign";
- "sphere" - "area", "circle";
- "phase" - "stage".
If in a scientific article any narrowly focusedthe term is not replaced by a neutral stylistic synonym, it is better to use it in the form in which it is presented. Disregarding this advice, one can significantly distort the meaning of the text, which in the end will easily mislead the reader, and also contribute to further mistakes in any practical activity.
Official and business style
This style is very often used duringspeech communication at official receptions. It should also be noted that such scope covers jurisprudence, international relations, economics, advertising, military, government activities, communication in official institutions and so on.
In order to correctly put your speech intime of public speaking in any organization, it is extremely important to use the right neutral stylistic synonyms in order to avoid tautology.
Consider several examples of how you can replace terms and concepts that are actively used in the formal business style:
- "administration" - "boss";
- "contract" - "contract", "document", "paper";
- "credit" - "loan";
- "advance payment" - "prepayment";
- "diplomat" - "politician", "portfolio";
- "copy" - "copy" and others.
This style is used in the following genres: essay, article, reporting, interview, feuilleton, oratorical speech, pamphlet and others. It is characterized by the presence of logic, emotionality, recruitment, evaluation, as well as socio-political vocabulary. Among other things, phraseological units, neutral concepts, solemn and high vocabulary, verbatim phrases, emotionally colored words, rhetorical questions, short sentences, chopped prose, repetitions, exclamations and so on are widely used in the journalistic style.
It should be specially noted that such linguistic andspeech features are used in completely different subjects, namely in politics, economics, education, health care, criminology, military topics.
To choose neutral synonyms for concepts,which are actively used in the journalistic style, quite easily. After all, the vocabulary in it has a pronounced expressive and emotional coloring. In addition, it often includes colloquial, slang and colloquial elements. Moreover, this term is often used and such terms, which are typical for the official-business or scientific style. Although in journalism, this vocabulary has a special function, which consists in creating a picture of events, and then conveying impressions from it to the reader or viewer.
So, here are some examples of how to choose neutral synonyms for words that are especially often used in the journalistic style:
- "The most incredible event" - "an interesting event";
- "citizen" - "resident";
- "state" - "country";
- "an unprecedented force of a thunderstorm" - "a very strong thunderstorm";
- "natural disaster" - "disaster";
- "the problem has ripened" - "there was a problem" and others.
As mentioned above, for a journalisticstyle are characterized by emotionally colored expressions that somehow will impress the viewer, reader or listener. For example, for a greater effect and impact on a person, the word "scary" (a stylistically neutral synonym) is often replaced by journalists with such fueling statements as "creepy," "unknown," "alarming," "fearful." By using these words, correspondents can attract the attention of more viewers than the banal, emotionless and neutral analogs that were presented above.
Let's sum up the results
As you can see, there is nothing difficult in that,to choose for a specific word a neutral stylistic synonym. It should also be noted that thanks to such expressions you can easily compose literate texts and your oral speech, which will be pleasant to read or listen to.