Solovyov's index for determining the type of build
Measurement of Solovyov's index helps accurately andcorrectly determine the weight norms, taking into account the three types of the human body. To calculate this index, you need to measure the circumference at the thinnest point of the wrist, in centimeters. The girth of this place indicates the size of the bone. This indicator allows you to determine the type of physique, the parameters of the human body, its proportionality and constitution. The Solovyov index must be taken into account when analyzing a person's physical condition.
How to calculate the indicator
There are three types of physique, from which directlydepends on the shape of the body. The type of constitution is a constant characteristic, which depends on a person's heredity. It must be taken into account, but can not be changed. If the wrist circumference is less than 15 (for women) and less than 18 (for men), then this type of build is called asthenic. Girth from 15 to 17 (for women) and 18-20 (for men) speaks about the normostenic type of physique. If the circumference of the wrist exceeds 17 (for women) and more than 20 (for men), then you can judge the hypersthenic type of build.
Asthenic type of build
If the Solovyov index is less than 15 for women andless than 18 for men, this type is called asthenic. The asthenic body is fragile, characterized by a narrow chest and shoulders, thin bones and a long neck. As a rule, asthenics have a high growth, they are lean in nature. For this type of physique, the risk of developing the following diseases is increased: hypotension, neuroses, disease of the abdominal organs, severe form of pulmonary tuberculosis, peptic ulcer.
Normostenic type of build
If the Solovyov index is from 15 to 17 in women and from18 to 20 in men, this indicates a normostenic type. The normostenic has a harmoniously built and developed body, proportional limb length and a strong skeleton. The thorax is moderately wide. The majority of people belong to the normosthenic type. They have average growth and are susceptible to the following diseases: neuralgia, diseases of the musculoskeletal system and respiratory tract.
Hypersthenic type of build
If the Solovyov index is more than 17 for women and more20 for men, this indicates a hypersthenic type of physique. Hypersthenics outwardly look full because of a stocky figure. They are characterized by a short neck and limbs, a strong skeleton and a rounded thorax. People of the hypersthenic type, as a rule, are of short height and dense physique. Most often they are susceptible to diseases of the cardiovascular system, diabetes mellitus, cholelithiasis and obesity.
Index of Solovyov index is necessary fordetermining the type of physique of a person, which, in turn, allows you to predict which diseases are more prone to develop. In addition, this indicator is used to calculate the ideal body weight.
Solovyov's index during pregnancy
At pregnancy definition of an index of Solovyovhelps determine the thickness of the bones of a pregnant woman. Ideally, this indicator is 14-16 cm. In order to establish the degree of narrowing of the pelvis, you need to determine the size of the large pelvis, which allows you to indirectly judge the size of the small pelvis. To determine the exact size, you need to measure a large pelvis and subtract 9 cm from this value. If the index of the Solovyov index is more than 16 cm, then the pelvic bones are considered to be thick, therefore 10 cm are removed from the outer measurements. If less than 16, the pelvic bones are thin, 8 cm.