If in the USSR there was no school at allsexual education of children, it would seem that in modern Russia such an object should be. But in practice, the discussion of unwanted pregnancy, contraception and sexual attraction depends only on the specific teacher, and the initiative to introduce a compulsory lesson is always perceived with bayonets by a conservative society. Julia Koshelyaeva studied the topic and tells how sexual education is taught here and how it is done in other countries.
The winged phrase "there is no sex in the USSR" justifiedstate line. And in the Soviet school curriculum, sex education was completely absent. Textbooks on biology and anatomy up to 1986 ignored the existence of sex, contraception and sexually transmitted diseases. In addition, they lacked a section on the structure of the genital organs. The sexual education of even adults was limited to the "Twelve Sexual Commandments of the Revolutionary Proletariat" that appeared in the 1920s, which advised us to abstain from sex before marriage, not to commit sexual acts too often, to abandon "sexual perversions," and also to allow intruders to enter the intimate life people "in the interests of revolutionary expediency."
Then in the 90s the Russian Associationfamily planning tried to implement a sex education program, according to which schoolchildren had to talk about safe sex, personal hygiene and family planning. But against her were disgruntled parents, public organizations and priests who believed that these lessons corrupted the youth and at the same time aimed at creating a demographic hole in Russia. After that, the program was canceled.
In 2009, Russia ratified the European Social Charter. One of its paragraphs provides mandatory sexual education in schools
But the Russian public again took up armsagainst a possible innovation, this time it was supported by the Commissioner for Children's Rights Pavel Astakhov. The Ombudsman considered that teaching such a subject in schools could negatively affect the moral and mental health of children, and suggested that they receive the necessary knowledge from Russian literature.
Now Russian standards do not includesexual education, and the issue of the appearance of children is first mentioned in the lessons of biology in the eighth grade. Discussion of unwanted pregnancy, contraception, sexual attraction and other sex-related issues remains at the discretion of the teacher. Therefore, in some schools students will be told even about the biochemistry of hormonal contraceptives, and in others the teacher of Soviet hardening will report that the best way to protect oneself is not to have sex at all.
Do schoolchildren understand that pregnancy is associated with sex? Of course - yes, but they definitely take this knowledge not from the textbook on biology, which bypasses the juicy question by the side
A modern textbook on natural sciences forthe fourth class tells about the formation of the zygote (the fusion of the egg and the sperm), and how and why the sperm appeared in the female body remains a mystery, the answer to which children find on the Internet, on TV or from the stories of friends.
It turns out that the Russian school is playing a rolearchaic institution that can not keep up with teenagers armed with Internet, and therefore does not cause trust and interest. With girls, things are still better than with boys - often large cosmetic companies conduct special lectures in schools that tell about the structure of the female reproductive system and the use of hygiene products (pads and tampons). Boys also have to deal with their own awkward problems on their own.
In the world there are conflicting views on what,is it worth telling children about sex in school. The main opponents of such education are advocates of traditional morality, who deny the possibility of sex at a young age, and even more so until marriage. The rest of the critics can not agree on whether to tell the students about the excitement, masturbation and sexuality of adolescents.
In the US, sex education programsconducted in schools since the 60s, which does not prevent this country from leading in terms of the number of teenage pregnancies among developed countries. Since the United States does not have a single standard of teaching, these lessons are compulsory only in 22 states. And only in 13 of them the teacher's story must necessarily correspond to the medical point of view. Moreover, during the presidency of George W. Bush his conservative administration said that he would refuse to fund a sex education program unless schoolchildren were told about the harm of premarital sex. That's why in many schools teenagers are taught that girls who lost their virginity before the wedding are "used".
"First you in the framework of the course" Health "seriously talk about contraception and the device of the genitals, talk about hygiene and tell other normal things, and then the teacher says that all this does not work, still get infected and do not have sex at all, "- said" Mel "a former student of California school Vadim. According to him, this leads to the separation of students into three camps: some still check information about condoms on the Internet and start using them, others decide to abstain from sex to marriage, others refuse to use contraceptives, confident of their uselessness.
The most liberal model of sex educationadopted in Denmark, where sexuality is understood as an important life value. In the 60s, there was a sexual revolution in Denmark, the country recognized the right to freedom of sexual orientation and started a program of sexual education in schools. Now a visit to such lessons is compulsory, and if conservative parents prevent it, they are summoned to the director. Now in this country the level of teenage pregnancies is one of the lowest in Europe.
In Danish schools there is no special lesson,which talk about sex-related problems, instead an interdisciplinary approach is used. In different lessons, children are told about how their body will change during hormonal reorganization, the biological aspects of sex and that it should always be voluntary. Junior students are explained that their bodies can not be touched without their desire, the older children are told how to properly protect and distribute condoms so that they can measure their homes.
Despite the desire for Western standardslife, the theme of sex in China still remains taboo and it is not accepted to discuss it. Nevertheless, in recent years, Chinese schools have begun to teach in which they talk about sex, but with a particular bias - they are taught to protect themselves from sexual violence. For example, children in the class master the methods of fighting against pedophiles. Such lessons begin in children from the age of six. In addition, schools conduct HIV prevention classes, during which emphasis is placed on the observance of sexual morality and safety in sex. Despite this, according to the Durex survey, the average age of loss of virginity among young Chinese is 21, many of them learn about sex life from porn films, although they are banned by the Communist Party.
Taken from here.
Sex education on Norwegian TV
We have already laid out in our group a killer transmissionfrom the First Norwegian TV Channel, in which the theme of the maturity of girls is very clearly revealed. By the way, if you do not have enough girls - in the comments there is an issue about the male sexual maturity.