Reclamation of lands
Reclamation of land is the restoration of the ecology of a contaminated surface, in other words, the carrying out of various measures that contribute to the restoration of the soil layer.
Pollution of the earth
People constantly violate the land cover of ourlands by all means: carry out reclamation works, cut down forests, extract minerals, erect buildings and overload the surrounding areas with all kinds of garbage. In addition, we bury radioactive waste, poison the soil with pesticides and herbicides. How can the earth remain fertile in such extreme conditions? To do this, you need to think about how to revive the soil and help it recover.
How to restore the earth
For this, land reclamation is necessary,which, with a competent approach, can bring tangible fruits. This is a rather complex and expensive way to help nature recover after our intervention, but if we do not, then we have every chance of extinction. Reclamation of land consists of the following works:
- Works on designing, laboratory chemical research and mapping of lands.
- Work related to the removal, transportation and storage of fertile land.
- Align the surface.
- Application of the enriched layer.
- Cleansing from industrial waste.
- Entering of useful fertilizers.
- Sowing of phytomeliorative plants.
One of the main types of imbalancesoil is pollution by mineralized waters. Recultivation of disturbed lands in such cases is carried out with special care, since it is necessary to clear, as a rule, a rather large area. Poisoned wastes fall into the soil and completely disrupt the ecological balance of nature.
Earth, which some unscrupulousheads of enterprises are littered with production waste, very quickly turn into a dead zone. Hardly anyone wants to live on such a land? The only way to restore it is to reclaim land. Hundreds of scientists around the world are constantly working on this problem and quite successfully. If we strictly follow their recommendations, then it is possible to restore our land.
Recultivation of disturbed lands is not carried outonly on the "sick" lands themselves, but also on the surrounding area for a better recovery of land resources. All the victims collected after reclamation must be safely stored in sump tanks, which must be under constant monitoring to ensure complete safety of the environment.
Reclamation of oil contaminated lands
Special restoration work is necessarycarry out on oil contaminated land with the oil pipeline passing through it, where there was an emergency leakage, or oil-producing industries, as well as at enterprises engaged in distillation of oil and its further processing. The process of land reclamation is to remove oil from the soil.
Oil pollution can be moderate orstrong. With moderate contamination, self-cleaning work is carried out using agrotechnical methods. The earth loosens to a great depth and fertilizes itself. With severe pollution, reclamation of oil contaminated lands is carried out by more sophisticated methods. These soils create special conditions for the activation of certain chemical processes that contribute to the elimination of pollution. Carrying out quick and qualitative cleaning of oil contaminated lands, we will be able to provide our land with protection and we will not use its riches for more than one century. Only a full range of activities related to land reclamation, is able to give real results that will help us save the planet called Earth for our descendants.