Origami: history, charts, tips
Origami is one of the most famous and popular forms of creativity. Is it difficult to learn the art of “correct” paper folding, what is needed for its development, and how did origami appear? Today we will tell you all about this art and even demonstrate all the basic origami schemes so that you learn something new. Still, crafts in this technique have always been and will be popular.
By the way, if you have children, be sure to teach them this art, because it contributes to the development of fine motor skills and perfectly coaches thinking.
A bit of history
By its roots, this art goes to the Middle East. There are many assumptions about where origami came from. There is never the truth. But the main thing is known reliably - the Japanese played a special role in the spread of this art. It was they who brought out the origami that says the masses.
In the 17th and 18th centuries, Oriental art was picked up by the Europeans. Perhaps,The most significant event in the history of origami is the idea of a German teacher who suggested introducing paper folding lessons to various figures in kindergartens throughout the country. Later, scientists proved that it has a beneficial effect on children. So origami deserved universal love, recognition and, of course, became terribly popular.
Origami character system
Not everyone knows that in origami there is a system of universal drawings, which the whole world today uses. It allows you to turn the instructions for folding paper into a set of drawings. It is not difficult to follow them: the main thing is to concentrate and not to confuse anything.
The main types of origami
This style was invented by instructors of Foggy Albion. This type of paper involves folding the paper in only two ways: a) a slide, b) a valley. This was thought up so that all beginning origami artists (even small children) could master this difficult, at first glance, technique. True, the set of figures will turn out to be very limited. But it will work out!
This style implies the assembly of crafts more difficult. You collect various flat and three-dimensional shapes: balls, squares, stars, etc., and then join them together. That is, the finished product consists of several glued shapes (or modules).Such art is also called “Kusudama”.
One of the most difficult types of origami. The figure is folded according to the drawing, in which all the folds of its basic shape are drawn. It is much more difficult to put on a pattern than on a standard scheme, because this technique is used to create some new figures, and not those standard, the assembly of which has been known to everyone for a long time. So for some models no diagrams (except for the pattern) can be selected at all. In short - beginners can push the development of this technique.
This origami technique was invented to give the paper soft, smoothed and, on the contrary, very hard and sharp forms. As a rule, wet folding is used to create animals, trees, flowers, and other shapes that require smooth and rounded parts. However, for this technique it is necessary to use a special paper - this must be taken into account.
If we are talking about paper, let's talk about what is needed for origami.
First, the scheme. If you do not know how to fold, then nothing will come of it.
Secondly, paper. It can be found in the departments for creativity - and is called, "paper for origami." However, ordinary paper for the printer will also work (it has the “right” density).If you want to create in the technique of wet folding, you will need a material of high density, treated with adhesive solution. Foil paper is also used (this is a piece of paper glued to the thinnest sheet of foil) - it keeps its shape perfectly and is suitable for creating small parts.
Third, sharp and thin scissors or cutter.
Fourth, glue. It is needed very rarely, but if you are engaged in modular origami or are going to make a complex composition, you cannot do without it.
We hope our article will be useful for you.