Isaac Newton - biography and scientific discoveries that turned the world around
Famous for every schoolboy great Englishthe scientist was born on December 24, 1642, according to the old style, or on January 4, 1643, according to the current Gregorian calendar. Isaac Newton, whose biography originates in the town of Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, was born so weak that he was not dared to baptize for a long time. However, the boy survived and, despite poor health in his childhood, managed to live to advanced years.
Isaac's father died before he was born. Mother, Anna Eyskou, who was early widowed, married again, having given birth to three more children from her new husband. She paid little attention to her eldest son. Newton, whose biography in childhood seemed outwardly seemingly happy, suffered greatly from loneliness and lack of attention on the part of the mother.
The boy was more concerned with his uncle, brother of AnnaEyskou. As a child Isaac was a closed silent child, with a penchant for making various technical crafts, such as a windmill and a sundial.
In 1955, at the age of 12, Isaac Newton was sent to school. Shortly before thishis stepfather dies, and the mother inherits itstate, immediately reissuing it to the eldest son. The school was in Granthem, and Newton lived with the local pharmacist Clark. While studying, his outstanding abilities were revealed, but in four years the mother returned the 16-year-old boy home with the goal of entrusting him with the management of the farm.
But agriculture was not his business. Reading books, versification, constructing complex mechanisms - this was the whole of Newton. His biography at that very moment determined his direction towards science. School teacher Stokes, Uncle William and a member of Trinity College at Cambridge University Humphrey Babington united efforts to continue the training of Isaac Newton.
In Cambridge, a brief biography of Newton is as follows:
- 1661 - admission to Trinity College at the university for free training as a student "saizer".
- 1664 - successful passing of exams and transfer to the next stage of training as a student "schoolboy", which gave him the right to receive a scholarship and the opportunity to continue studying further.
At the same time, Newton, whose biographyrecorded a creative upsurge and the beginning of an independent scientific activity, meets Isaac Barrow, a new mathematics teacher who had a strong influence on the scientist's fascination with mathematics.
In total, Trinity College was givena great piece of life (30 years) for the great physicist and mathematician, but it was here that he made his first discoveries (binomial expansion for an arbitrary rational exponent and the expansion of a function into an infinite series) and created the universal system of the world, based on the teachings of Galileo, Descartes and Kepler.
Years of great achievements and glory
With the onset of the plague epidemic in 1665, classes in thecollege stopped, and Newton went to his estate in Woolsthorpe, where the most significant discoveries were made: optical experiments with spectrum colors, the law of universal gravitation.
In 1667, the scientist returns to Trinity College, where he continues his research in the fields of physics, mathematics, and optics. The telescope created by him caused rave reviews in the Royal Society.
In 1705, Newton, whose photo is today possiblefound in every textbook, the first was awarded the title of knight for scientific achievements. The number of discoveries in various fields of science is very great. Monumental works on mathematics, the fundamentals of mechanics, in the field of astronomy, optics, physics, turned the ideas of scientists about the world.