Inland countries and their problems
From time immemorial, all states of the world, in whatever waythey were not at the point of the world, they tried to master the seas and oceans by any means. First of all, this interest was based on the fact that it is the waters of the world's oceans that are the way to free trade, to travel and new discoveries, which certainly lead to wealth and glory. Years passed, settlements and states were formed in different parts of the world. During long wars, intra-continental countries were formed, and in contrast to them, those that had access to open waters. Of course, this state of affairs has repeatedly caused large conflicts, and they often ended in wars. Similar skirmishes of a global scale are still taking place.
There are two continents in the world wherelocated inland countries in large numbers. First of all, this is Africa - the mainland has 16 such states. It is worth noting that, given the local climate, as well as the lack of any water resources, life in such places is even more complicated and problematic. The second continent, which hosts 14 countries that are landlocked, is Europe. It can be considered an excellent counterbalance to Africa in this matter, as the climatic conditions in it are much more comfortable and livable, and the economy, as well as political ties, are very beneficial. Despite the absence of sea coasts, these intracontinental countries of Europe thrive both socially and economically.
Africa is a very troubled mainland,which in many areas lags behind all other inhabited areas of the world. That is why the continental countries of Africa are experiencing particular discomfort and difficulties. According to the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, all countries of the world can have access to the sea. It is important only to find interested partners who will benefit from making their own way - motorways and railways - transit. Due to the fact that the social and economic life of the overwhelming majority of African states is at a low level, its inland countries do not always receive such a right.
If we consider the intercontinentalthe countries of Europe, it can be understood that the development of the economy does not depend on the geographical position. Liechtenstein, Austria, Switzerland, Andorra, Hungary is a short list of very successful and prosperous states that do not have access to open waters. Among our closest neighbors there is also a non-maritime state - Belarus, which in its development is at a very decent level.
Inland countries and their neighbors withaccess to the sea - all this is the result of historical processes. To correct the geographical position in the world at the moment is impossible, but thanks to technical progress, life in such states has improved significantly, and does not differ from life in marine regions.