How to determine the genus of the noun?
The genus of the noun is pretty simple. You can only substitute for him a pronoun: my mother (female), my dad (male), my sun (middle genus). But there are indeclinable nouns - nouns that occur in different sentences in the same form. And here you begin to think about how to determine the kind of indeclinable nouns.
Define the genus of abbreviations
To begin with, it is good to remember what isabbreviation. Abbreviation is an abbreviated spelling of a group of words. Usually this word consists of the initial letters of each word in the group. To determine the genus of the abbreviation, it is necessary to determine the genus of the main word from the group.
UGATU - Ufa State Aviation Technical University. This abbreviation is definitely of a masculine gender, since the word "university" refers to the masculine gender.
Ministry of Internal Affairs - Ministry of Internal Affairs. This abbreviation is of the middle genus, since the word "ministry" is of the middle genus.
How to determine the gender of a noun in a sentence
For this, it is necessary to see whichThe adjective is attached to the noun. If the adjective answers the question: "Which?", The noun is feminine. If the adjective answers the question: "Which?", Then a masculine noun. If the adjective answers the question: "What?", Then the noun of the middle genus. If the adjective is not present, but there is a verb, you can use it to determine the kind. For example, the lady walked along the street. "Lady" is a feminine gender.
Rules and Exceptions
If an indecent noun calls a profession (professor, chauffeur, attache, porter), then it is definitely masculine, even if it is addressed to a woman.
Nonspokenye nouns who came to us fromother countries, most of them belong to the middle line: sconces, cinema, metro, taxi, etc. Here exceptions are: coffee (male), kohlrabi (female), avenue (feminine gender), penalty (male).
If an indecent noun calls an animal - a kangaroo, a chimpanzee, then it also refers to the masculine gender. In the context, they can be of a feminine gender.
The female gender includes indecent nouns that call women: Mrs., Miss, Madame, Frau, etc. Also to the female gender are indeclinable female names - Curie, Mary, Carmen.
In the event that it is necessary to determine the genus of some geographical name, you can do it by generic word. Far from the island of Haiti. Haiti is a masculine gender.
To someone who does not want to learn the rules, there is a good clue - to look at the kind of word in the dictionary.