How to become a ninja?
Ninja ("the one who hides" from the "shinobu""Hide (s), hide (s) - in medieval Japan, a scout warrior. Ninjas were mercenaries who were engaged in reconnaissance, sabotage, espionage, political provocations and contract killings. Ninjas had their own clan structure and lived outside the system of social and political relations.
School of Ninja
Traditionally, ninjas were born in the ninja family andtrained their art from childhood. The art of ninjas is called "Ninjutsu". Ninjutsu teaches that there is no state of complete security, and any action provokes opposition, which violates harmony. The output is in the understanding of what harmony is violated, as well as in minimizing undesirable consequences.
The school of ninjutsu had distinctions in different clans, butthey all had a single basis, consisting of three blocks of skills and knowledge, which together formed a very flexible system of attack, defense and counteraction to any possible danger. To become a ninja, a student who was already 15 years old must have had the necessary knowledge of the basics of the three blocks and in 15 years to undergo initiation to begin teaching Zen Buddhism and Hsien-Taoism.
Three blocks of ninjutsu:
- The conquest of the five elements: Chi, Sui, Ka, Fu, Ki (earth, fire, water, air, the basis of all)
Teaches the skills of using the outside world for camouflage, secretive movement, ambushes, etc. Collective title of all skills: Ton-Jutsu
- The art of fighting was divided into two sections:
Tai-jutsu - the art of owning a body
Bu-Jutsu - the work of possession of arms
The technique of changing states of consciousness to mobilize the internal resources of the body.
In different clans there were different tests andtrainings, passing through which it was possible to become a ninja. The children were subjected to tests from diapers. Lyulka and the child were hitting the walls so that he would learn to group and get used to shaking. With six months of children were taught to swim - even before they started walking. From the age of three, the children developed endurance, taught to hold their breath, using simple strangulation. At the age of ten, the child ran twenty kilometers or more without stopping, and passed the exam as he ran, running a hundred-meter line with a straw hat against his chest. If the child did not run fast enough, and the hat fell - he did not pass the exam. The trainees were constantly beaten with sticks to raise the pain threshold. To develop flexibility - they were stretched and twisted joints. Ninja should have been well seen in the dark, for this the child was placed for weeks in a dark cave with a small supply of food. Training took place constantly, without days off. Ninja was not only to be prepared physically, but also to know medicine, medicinal herbs, reading and writing, languages and diplomacy.
Ninja girl (to become a ninja is optionalto be a boy) should, among other things, have the art of a geisha and be able to attract men, to become beautiful or ugly regardless of natural external data.
The main weapon of the ninja, in addition to the popular sword andonions, there were specially designed surreykens (throwing stars) and kusari-kama (sickles on a long chain), the use of which was determined by the camouflage of assassins for peasants. In fact, the ninja was trained to use any improvised means for killing, from cudgels to needles. For kills, ninjas often used poisons. Especially popular and effective weapon was the wind tube, with which the ninja fired a poison-poisoned needle into its prey.
For disguise, contrary to popular belief,Ninjas used casual clothes that allowed them to easily get lost in the crowd. Girls-ninjas usually disguised themselves as geisha, which made their victims easily accessible and practically defenseless. And black tight clothes that are used in the cinema, were not used, because. strongly contrasted with the environment even at night and could give out a ninja.
The culture of ninja has gained wide popularity inart. In particular, one of the most popular anime in the world, "Naruto", based on the manga of the same name, tells about the ninja school, although there the structure has strong differences from its real prototype. For example, to become a ninja from Naruto, one had to wean the Ninja Academy. A graduate of the academy became Ganin (Yu genin - the lowest ninja). Then he had the opportunity to prove the growth of his abilities in the exam and become Tunin (tunin - average ninja), and then higher ninja - Jenin. Jenin with high skill in a certain discipline became Tokubetsu-dzeninom.
Ninja from Naruto, in fact, stronglydiffer from their real prototypes, both in the cultural and value terms, and for their own purposes. In Naruto ninjas are the military support of their country, what were samurai in reality. Ninja also served as mercenaries, representing retroactive force.
In 1973, the school Buzhinkan was established in Japan. The fighting system of this school, according to the founder - Masaaki Hatsumi, includes 3 schools of ninja, in addition to six samurai and nine budo schools. This school is the most popular, among those claiming continuity from the medieval, original schools of ninjutsu, however the Bujinkan genealogy, which is mandatory in the ninja culture, is not confirmed and is being questioned. In any case, from open schools no one else in the world will tell you how to become a ninja.