GAZ-2705, cargo van (all-metal, 7 places): description, characteristics, prices
Gazel is produced by GAZ Group of companies 22 years- formally since June 20, 1994. The third generation is being manufactured on the assembly line, taking into account the "GAZelle Next". During this period, the model developed 60 modifications and variants of execution. In addition to cargo, the car is produced in special variations for municipal services, geological exploration, passenger transportation, armored vehicles for banks, etc. Companies that manufacture special vehicles will create a car tailored to the individual needs of the customer. The choice of two types of drive and several motors is just the beginning of a great way to build specialized transport. You can order a fiberglass body with a road gleam of 70 cm and low-pressure wheels - these vehicles are in demand among hunters, oil and gas industry employees and the Ministry of Emergency Situations. A model of a truck tractor is also available. If the exclusive offer is irrelevant, then you can buy a simple GAZ-2705 - a cargo van, all-metal. 7 seats in the cabin and the volumetric body will be another advantage of this commercial car for small and medium-sized entrepreneurs.
History of the model
GAZ-2705 is produced in two versions: with a three- and seven-seater cabin (according to the plant specification there are no differences in the indices).
"Gazelle" cargo and passenger can transport to1000 kg of weight. To increase sales, the characteristics of the car have been brought into line with the driver's category B - the total mass of the car is about 3.5 tonnes, and in the cabin it is less than 8 seats. In the 90 years in Russia, the "Gazelle" had one competitor - ZIL-5301, popularly named very original: "Bull". Its total weight was 7 tons, and it no longer corresponded to category B. In the late 90's and early 2000's the market demanded other products, and therefore ZIL-5301 did not fit into these requirements. The model almost left the market, losing its niche "Gazelle".
"Gazelle" cargo and passenger receivedcharacteristics that are most suitable for Russian conditions. For example, the big advantage is the presence of a solid frame - due to this the number of modifications of "Gazelle" has 60 options. The frame is so sturdy that the car rusts the carpet before and the engine wears out. Thanks to this, the car GAZ-2705 received commercial success.
Few people know that the GAZ-2705 is a cargo van,All-metal (7 seats) in total was equipped with 4 types of engines: 3 petrol and 1 diesel. Of the petrol engines, there were 2 domestic and one imported - Chrysler, with a volume of 2.4 liters. He had a capacity of 137 liters. from. and a torque of 210 Nm. Of the Russian engines, the most popular was ZMZ-405: an injector engine with a volume of 2.5 liters and a power of 133 liters. with., with a torque of 214 Nm. According to the characteristics, he was not inferior to the competitor from Chrysler.
The most modern of all motors is UlyanovskUMP-4216, they are equipped with both "Gazelle Next" and GAZ-2705. Engine injector, received a working volume of 2.9 liters, power 106 liters. from. and a torque of 220 Nm. Do not think that low power will not allow cargo to be transported in normal mode. The main factor affecting the acceleration of the motor is the size of the torque. For commercial vehicles, this is an important indicator because it affects the ability to carry heavy goods by car. The lower the engine speed, which is available torque, the less the car will consume fuel. For this reason, vehicles engaged in freight and passenger transportation are equipped with diesel engines - this saves fuel and maximizes efficiency. Of course, the diesel is not devoid of shortcomings, but this is the topic of a separate, more extensive article.
And the last motor - diesel GAZ-5602, createdbased on Steyr M14. The diesel GAZ-2705 features the following characteristics: it has a capacity of 110 liters. from. and a maximum torque of 250 Nm. It is a turbo-diesel engine with a maximum crankshaft speed of up to 4750 rpm. It was popular only in the European part of Russia, the Urals and eastern regions, but it is less common - it is easier to find good diesel fuel in the central regions near Moscow. In the outskirts often use fuel not for the season or fill the tractor, not suitable, because of what often breaks down the equipment.Range of motors
|UMP-4216||Injection, petrol., In-line||106||220||2.5|
|ZMZ-40524||Injection, petrol., In-line||133||214||2.9|
|Chrysler||Injection, petrol., In-line||137||210||2.4|
The body is mounted on a solid frame, which allowstransport up to 1000 kg for cargo-passenger modification. At the rear of the car there are two swinging doors for loading and unloading the goods, and one sliding on the right. In both versions, the cargo and passenger compartments are separated by a metal wall.
In 2003 the car gets a deep restyling -updated front doors, optics, grille and bumper. The cabin also has a new instrument panel. Modified and were rear-view mirrors - now they have become painted in the color of the body and have found a beautiful, aerodynamic shape.
Also worth noting that the model GAZ-2705 -cargo van, all-metal (7 seats), received new interior details. The instrument panel is made of a different grade of plastic, it meets the current requirements of fire safety, besides it is not reflected in the windshield on a sunny day. Designers worked not only on the appearance of the panel, but also improved fastenings. Now it almost does not creak on irregularities and does not emit an unpleasant smell. The testimony of the new instrument panel is perfectly read by the driver even on an uneven road. The diode illumination is brightly lit, which in the dark is an advantage, compared to the old, lamp illumination. As an option, you can order air conditioning, which was not in the dorestaylingovoy model.
The capacity of the cargo compartment allows transportationvolume items - this is the key quality of the GAZ-2705 (cargo van, all-metal). Seven places, including a driver's seat, allow you to easily load cargo and passengers in the cabin of this model, and if the proposed volume of interior space is not enough, you can order a model with a high roof made of plastic. This will increase the capacity of the cabin, and the driver will have more room to head. It can be used to the maximum, for example, to build additional shelves for documents. On the basis of this model, third-party manufacturers produced various modifications - ambulances, cash machines and other options.
Drive types and transmission
The gazelle can be ordered in two variations: full and rear-wheel drive. All-wheel-drive models are most suitable for transporting goods in suburban areas, where, perhaps, there are no high-quality roads.In city conditions of a back drive enougheven in the winter. In extreme cases, you can use all-season tires with snow chains. The transmission is only one - a five-speed mechanics, the one that was on the "Volga".
Servicing a car like the GAZ-2705 does not bring much trouble, despite a significant number of negative reviews.
There are several conditions, thanks to which "Gazelle" will last for a long time:
- It is necessary to service the car in time: change the oil, lubricate the pivot suspension elements, put new filters, etc.
- Do not exceed the weight limit of the goods being transported. Any mechanism has strength limits and it is better not to overstep them.
Before using, it is best to familiarize yourself with theintervals of replacement of consumables and spare parts, after reading the instruction manual. Even a novice driver is able to replace the parts themselves - good, the design of the car is not too complicated.
In the secondary market, purchase cargo-and-passenger"Gazelle" can be for 350-400 thousand rubles. It all depends on the condition of the car, the year of release and configuration. For example, an all-wheel drive cargo-and-passenger modification with a 2013 diesel engine will cost about 500 thousand rubles. GAZ-2705, cargo van all-metal (7 seats, gasoline engine) 2013 release on the secondary market is estimated at 350,000 rubles. For the new GAZ-2705 the price starts from 780 000 rubles, depending on the equipment and additional equipment.