Garden bench with their own hands
A garden bench is useful to all those who haveat least a small area near the house or outside the city. Of course, you can buy such furniture in the store or order it in special workshops, but it will be much easier to make it yourself, in addition, it will save you a lot. And it does not necessarily mean that you will have to purchase some materials or tools for this.
Recommendations of the master
Masters who love and are able to work withfurniture, will certainly find all the necessary kit in your pantry. And if you use the available materials available, the product will turn out to be completely free, because it will only be necessary to spend your time and effort on manufacturing it. It is important to consider that such a garden garden will have to undergo external negative phenomena in the form of rain and snow, because such furniture can simply be forgotten for the winter. But if the surface of the elements of the bench is carefully processed and varnished, such aggressive effects will not be frightening to it.
Selection of fasteners
If you think that the product will be manufactured withusing metal fasteners, then your belief is wrong. Apply nails, when a garden bench with a back is made by one's own hands, is inexpedient for the reason that eventually it will cause oxidation of the metal and its negative impact on wood. Later on, the timber will collapse. That's why when making a bench it is preferable not to use nails and screws. At the heart of the product - only wooden blanks and high-quality adhesive composition.
Preparation of bench legs
A garden bench must be madeby means of a woodworking machine. If this is not available, then it is necessary to comply with the section of the purchased sawn timber, otherwise "walking" dimensions can cause problems. In order to make a garden bench, it is necessary to prepare elements for the front legs. There will be two of them in the design. The section of the parts should be 70x70 mm, whereas the length is equivalent to 405 mm. Blanks for the rear legs must also have the same cross section, the amount remains the same. But the length will be different - 780 mm. The workpiece data must first be sawed using a jigsaw. This is done in order to get a bevel. You need to start it from the height of the seat. This will allow you to get the backrest tilted. If there is a desire to make the bevel not so steep, then for the legs it is recommended to use workpieces with a section equal to 70x130.
Additional components of the product
Garden benches will have in the compositionlongitudinal rails, which in the design will be two. To do this, use a board, the cross-section of which is 90x35 mm, but its length should be 1470 mm. As for the side kings, their number is three. Use for their production requires a board of the same section, but its length should be equal to 420 mm.
The seat boards and if necessary - the backs should have dimensions equal to 1750x140x20 mm, their number is five.
Making garden benches with their own hands, masters are stocked with dowels. Those that have a length equal to 80 mm and a diameter within 10 mm should be 36 pieces.
But the dowels with a diameter of 10 mm and a length equal to40 mm, should be present in an amount of 12 pieces. Their use will be required when fixing triangles or, as they are called, a scarf, which can give the structure additional stability against swinging. The kerchief will need four. Whereas triangles should be made of plywood and have a thickness of 20 mm. The last elements should be isosceles and have dimensions equal to 130x130 mm.
Doing garden benches with their own hands, the craftsmen process the details. As an exception, only dowels perform. The treatment must be repeated several times.
In order to properly do the work onprocessing, the ends are preliminarily podbivayutsya. This is necessary for the reason that the transverse sections of the tree have the ability to perform the role of natural capillaries, this indicates that they absorb moisture according to the principle of a sponge. If you simply cover these places with varnish, this will not save the situation. It is necessary to dip in advance the ends of blanks in hot linseed oil, leaving the element until the drying time of the varnish is completely dry. Then these places have to be carefully taped with a hammer, you can use a kyanku for this. Such actions will flatten the fibers. Only after that, you can grind. After that, you can process, acting in the usual way, but this will be discussed below. If you do such work, it will allow you to extend the life of the bench by two or more times.
Preparation of tools and materials
Garden benches and benches with their own handsIt is impossible to produce if you do not prepare some materials and tools. Thus, we can not bypass the need for grinding, cutting and drilling. You need an electric jigsaw. It is convenient to work with it, because it allows you to get an exact cut, which is true if you compare with a traditional hacksaw. In addition, such a tool allows you to save a lot of time. Master in the process of work can not do without a drill with a cartridge, its minimum diameter should be equal to 10 mm. For the treatment of wood, a grinding machine is needed, which must be filled with sandpaper, the grain size should be different. If you do not have one, you can do the grinding work manually, but then it takes a lot of time and effort to work.
You will also need quality brushes, from which you do not have to remain nap. For marking use a pencil, but for measuring work - a tape measure.
Features of the choice of protective equipment and adhesive composition
If we talk about other materials, thenwood processing is preferable to use drying oil. It is most common among domestic craftsmen, it can be bought almost for pennies, and it is convenient to work with it. In addition, it is inexpedient to purchase expensive paints in order to cover the bench. But when gluing together, experts recommend using a PVA emulsion, rather than an ordinary glue, since the first option is much thicker, and the connections made with it are more durable. It will take a water-repellent varnish, as well as impregnation. In the role of the latter it is recommended to use the derivative of "Pinotex", its use guarantees not only the toning of wood, but also protection from harmful insects, putrefactive formations and accidental ignition.
Process of mounting the structure
Doing garden benches and benches with their own hands,it is necessary to begin with the basis. Care should be taken to ensure that the markings intended for drilling the frame are not level with the markings on the dowel legs. Only after it is possible to analyze the correspondence of the dimensions of all the elements, you can proceed to polishing them. On pre-marked workpieces, you first need to drill a plane to get a through hole, only after you can start drilling the end of the element to which the fixing will be made. If the hole is deeper than necessary during drilling in the end face, there is a possibility that the dowel will be drowned. In order to avoid this, it is necessary to glue the hole with glue, adding some amount of wood chips to it. In the process of work, it is necessary to remove the surface of blanks from excess amount of glue, this can be done using a wet cloth. If this is not done, the composition will first be absorbed into the tree, and after that it will interfere with the toning. Adjacent planes must be treated with a thin layer of adhesive composition, and afterwards, ensure that the excess is not dried.
Making garden benches, photos of whichare presented in the article, it is necessary to assemble the main frame with legs, and then leave it until the moment of drying. Place the frame on a flat base. But for a more reliable attachment from above it is recommended to lay two boards. This will eliminate the change in the linear dimensions of the bench when the structure dries. The corners can be fastened using clamps.
Work on the seat and back
Garden bench, the drawing of which is presented inarticle, can have a back, then it will be more convenient to use it. To fix the backrest and seat boards to the pre-assembled frame, you do not have to exert much effort. These elements are drilled "in place", as for the "kerchief". If you are afraid of the correct attachment, you can mark on the boards a step to the brim. Triangles "kerchiefs" must be well pressed to the corners. Their fastening must be done with glue and short dowels. But you need to consider that some of the glue will be absorbed, so it should be used in sufficient quantities. After the surplus is better to get rid of.
Processing of a bench
Manufactured garden bench with their own hands,which drawings should preferably be prepared in advance, should be well processed after completion of work. The purpose of such works is to check the design for the absence of burrs or potholes. If there is a need, then it is possible to again process the thin circle of the grinder. It is necessary to pay special attention to the weak place of construction - legs, more precisely, their lower part. After making a garden bench it was possible, to the legs it is possible to strengthen rubber billets. This will eliminate the impact on the wood of the soil.