Fire-breathing and dangerous volcano Kilauea
The most active volcano, not only in the Hawaiian Islands, but all over the globe, erupts for more than 30 years, and during this time he managed to ruin villages with a population living in a dangerous area.
Where is Kilauea Volcano?
He is considered one of the youngest, because he does notmore than 600 thousand years, and there is a volcano in the Hawaiian national park, open to tourists from the beginning of the last century. Ancient legends say that inside the fiery hole lives the wayward local goddess Pele. With each eruption, the lava drops freeze, like her tears, and the brooks of boiling rocks seeking to the Pacific form her hair.
Description of the volcano
The active Kilauea originated in the timestectonic fault in Hawaii. Its first eruptions were above the water surface of the islands, and later a unique process allowed the emergence of a solid land in the middle of the ocean, and the fiery mountain had already erupted over the frozen, centuries-old basalt. Amazing tourists watching from above a unique natural phenomenon, appears Kilauea volcano with a slightly convex cone, consisting of the unnatural color of frozen magma. At its top, in a 200-meter deep depression called the caldera, a red-hot lake consisting of a bubbling lava splashes, the 4-kilometer diameter of which is simply staggering.
But one of it, it turns out, for the exit boilingmass of a natural sight is not enough. Surprising is the giant force pressing inside from where the Kilauea volcano is located, and forming several dozens of erupting craters in the danger zone. The flowing fiery lava, freezing and layering, forms whimsical patterns. The most stunning views appear on the surface of the ocean, where boiling streams rush: fire small islands, reaching the water, some time still float on the surface. The spectacle amazes enchantment.
It is very dangerous to be near a bubbling lake. Sometimes the frozen, and then awakening Kilauea volcano erupts a huge amount of red-hot lava. Therefore, about any walks near the fire-breathing gigantic and nearby territories speech is not. Steam through the burning vents that are in the ground, and in these places loose soil presents a great danger. And the slopes of the volcano are full of huge cracks through which liquid magma breaks out.
A huge eruption force can be erased from the faceland small settlements, which happened about 30 years ago in the Hawaiian archipelago. Then the whole village was lost, but the indigenous people adapted to the dangerous neighborhood. They began to build houses on very high stilts, which allows them to gain time and move homes to a safe place.
In 2014, another eruption occurredKilauea volcano, which the whole world watched. The fiery lava, moving to a residential village, burned everything in its path. And numerous series of earthquakes in the archipelago made it necessary to assume that the process of eruption will be very long.
US military evacuated localresidents, but not all left their homes, many remained, fearing looting. It is known that the boiling lava buried an ancient cemetery and houses, and the farms were burned by powerful fire. In 2015, the Kilauea volcano again showed its terrible activity after a small earthquake that occurred next to a powerful mountain. The scientists who watched him closely concluded that it would not bring any special destruction, but still urged the Hawaiian authorities to keep the situation under control, as the streams of the fiery river were directed to tropical forests.
A volcano park on an archipelago in which it is prohibitedany economic activity, was founded not only to increase the flow of tourists contemplating fantastic landscapes. For scientists this place has become truly unique: all researchers of natural processes work at a special station and observatory. These are the first scientific institutions that study in practice the nature of the appearance of the islands and the Kilauea volcano.
For tourists, the authorities organized in the parksafe routes, and self-confident travelers who strayed from them, forever remained buried under the streams of boiling lava. However, those who prefer extreme rest, will be satisfied with this awesome and at the same time extraordinarily beautiful spectacle.