Boris Hmyrya: Biography and Creativity
In this material will be a very curious biography. Boris Gmyrya - Soviet Ukrainian chamber and opera singer, bass. He is awarded the title of People's Artist.
Gmyrya Boris Romanovich was born in 1903, 23July, in a place called Lebedin. Comes from the family mason. The father of our hero Roman Konstantinovich and his sister died during the Holodomor 1932-1933. Mum survived thanks to milk, brought to her in time. Boris Gmyrya first worked as a loader in Sevastopol. Then he became a sailor of the Black Sea merchant fleet. From 1926 to 1930 he studied at the evening rabfak. In 1935 he graduated from Kharkov Civil Engineering Institute. From 1935 to 1936 he was a graduate student. In 1939 he studied at the Kharkov Conservatory. Since 1936 he performed at the Opera and Ballet Theater. Later he changed the stage. From 1939 to 1957, he was a soloist in the Kiev Opera and Ballet Theater. Shevchenko.
In the repertoire of our hero are 40 opera parts. During the evacuation of the Kiev theater in Ufa, the artist left the train, citing the pain in his back. Apparently, he was not going to leave. During the occupation of Ukraine he lived in Kiev. He played in front of the Nazis in the theater. He was sent to Berlin. There he performed, in particular, the part of Wolfram from the opera of R. Wagner "Tannhäuser".
From 1943 to 1944 worked in the city of Kamenets-Podolsky. First in the Poltava Music and Drama Theater, which was transferred there by the Germans. Soon the Red Army came to the city. After that, our hero moved to the city music and drama theater. Nikita Khrushchev visited Stalin several times with the question of the shooting of Gmyri. However, the "leader" loved the singing of the artist and his performance of folk songs, so the latter was pardoned. He was accepted to the theater to work.
The artist gave over three thousand concerts. During these events, he performed 25-40 works. Chamber repertoire of our hero included numerous works of Russian, Ukrainian and foreign composers, as well as romances and folk songs. The artist toured both his native land and abroad. Visited Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Poland, China, Hungary, Yugoslavia. In 1951, during the Decade of Ukrainian Art, which was held in Moscow, Stalin's personal order was awarded the title of People's Artist.
Boris Gmyrya passed away in 1969, on August 1, in Kiev. He was buried in the Baikovo cemetery.
Boris Hmyrya first married Anna Ivanovna. She passed away in 1950. The second wife of our hero was Vera Augustovna. She was a doctor of medical sciences, senior researcher at the Institute of Physiology Bogomolets National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. Died in 1996.
Ranks and awards
Boris Gmyrya received in 1939. second prize at the All-Union Vocal Competition in Moscow. In 1941 he was awarded the title of Honored Artist. He was awarded the Order of Lenin. He is awarded the title of People's Artist. He received the Stalin Prize of the second degree. Thus, his concert and performing activities were noted. He was awarded the Medal "For Labor".
Boris Hmyrya had a wide-range voice, andalso velvet, soft timbre. He was one of the main masters on the Soviet opera scene. The range of voice enabled our hero to perform tenor and even baritonal parts. He brilliantly coped with such artistic tasks. His performance was marked by a profound psychological disclosure of scenic images.
The artist expressed a restrained inner strength andgreat emotional expressiveness. He performed many operatic parts. Participated in productions: Ivan Susanin, Rusalka, Eugene Onegin, Mozart and Salieri, The Queen of Spades, Faust, Taras Bulba, The Storm, The Young Guard, Bogdan Khmelnitsky, Zarya Dvina, Milan, Battleship Potemkin, Lakme, Naimychka, Zaporozhets for the Danube, The Barber of Seville, Prince Igor, Virgin Soil Upturned.