Andrei Tarkovsky: films, best pictures, facts from biography
If we talk about directors who changed the world, thenamong them must be mentioned Andrei Tarkovsky. Master's films have received wide recognition both in Russia and abroad. The name of Tarkovsky on the lips of all those who in our day learns the basics of filmmaking. So, how was the fate of the legend of cinema and what Tarkovsky films are worth seeing?
Tarkovsky: the early years
Tarkovsky was born in early April 1932His father was a famous poet, this is Arseny Tarkovsky. Unfortunately, he left the family when the boy was only three years old. On the hands of Maria Ivanovna, there are two children left - Andryusha and his younger sister Marina. Later, not one film by Andrei Tarkovsky will be devoted to these difficult times (pre-war and military). The director's mother will express her special gratitude for her stamina, having removed one of her best pictures in her honor.
Maria Ivanovna really differed enviabledevotion to her family: despite her attractiveness, she did not remarry and devoted her life to children. Tarkovsky repeatedly said that if he took place in the profession, it was only thanks to his mother.
Military years Andrew and Marina spent in the Ivanovo region, in the evacuation.
After school, Andrei Arsenievich chose ratheran exotic profession for study: he became a student of the Faculty of Oriental Studies. Before getting into the cinema, Tarkovsky tried himself as a geologist and collector (an employee of the institute).
Andrei Tarkovsky, whose films were included in theworld treasury of motion picture art, only at age 22 realized who he really wanted to be. Then he took his documents and took them to VGIK. Tarkovsky was taken to the studio of the Soviet film director Mikhail Romm.
By the time of the release of the director from VGIKCinema took a new turn in its development. In connection with Khrushchev's thaw, Tarkovsky was finally able to get acquainted with the work of his future idols - Fellini, Akira Kurosawa and Ernst Bergman.
The first short film directorwas called "Assassins". The script for the mini-film was written based on the work of Ernest Hemingway. This work was highly appreciated by the artistic director of Tarkovsky - Romm.
The next screen version was a short film "Today will not be dismissed," based on real events that took place in Kursk during the war.
Final final work is consideredshort film "Skating rink and violin", the script for which was written in collaboration with Andrei Konchalovsky. This film served as the beginning of a long friendship between two future famous filmmakers.
Andrei Tarkovsky: films. The best pictures of the director
In total, Andrei Arsenyevich took more than fifteen paintings. Some of them - in exile (the director emigrated to France in the 80's.).
Andrei Tarkovsky, whose films are prettyoriginal and more like art in the spirit of arthouse, received a lot of film awards and prizes. The very first full-length film entitled "Ivan's Childhood" immediately became the winner of the Venice Film Festival.
The second full-length tape - AndreiRublev "- received recognition from the audience, but was included in the list of so-called semi-forbidden films: that is, they were not officially censored, but they were not shown on central television either. But the picture was included in the top ten films of the world according to the English magazine Sight & Sound.
It so happened that every creationTarkovsky caused a stir in the society: "Solaris", "Mirror", "Stalker", etc. The director himself explained his success by shooting a "deeply personal" movie, which, naturally, found a response in the hearts of the audience.
Andrei Tarkovsky's film - the memory of the mother
The most expensive person in the life of AndrewArsenyevich was always a mother. He felt this especially sharply after her death in the late 70's. Somehow having survived his loss, the director proceeded to create a new script, codenamed "Nostalgia". So there was a film by Andrei Tarkovsky dedicated to his mother.
The plot of "Nostalgia" develops in the sceneryItaly. The main character (Oleg Yankovsky) is a Russian writer who came to Italy for work. In this beautiful country, nothing pleases him. He misses Russia and wants to return home, but some circumstances prevent him. The film is more like an emotional sketch, because its plot is not full of events.