Aesthetic formation of the art of the environment. Formation of aesthetic culture of schoolchildren
Formation of the harmonious personality of the childIt is impossible without educating his attitude towards beauty, understanding the value of the beauty of the world around him. To solve this problem, at least give an initial idea of the category of beauty. To attach the child to abstract aesthetic principles for him is better through forms and images more understandable for his age. How can this be achieved? The shortest way is to form an ability to see beauty in natural phenomena.
Stages of aesthetic education of schoolchildren
If a child does not understand the principles of harmony and beauty, it is difficult to talk about his ability to see beauty in the world around him. Activity limited by contemplation is also inadequate.It will not allow to further develop the desire for excellence and through active development.
Ecological and aesthetic education of schoolchildrenis carried out in stages:
- Theoretical mastery of the category of beauty.
- Formation of the skill to see harmony in the surrounding world.
- Practical application of the acquired knowledge of beauty in the objective activity.
Only in the presence of all three moments can we talk about the system of aesthetic education of schoolchildren.
Theoretical mastery of the category of beauty
The ability of a schoolboy to see beauty occurs inthe scope of creative and aesthetic teaching. In elementary school this is the most accessible in drawing lessons, creative development (music, literature).
The beauty of the surrounding world in the most accessible form opens in the phenomena of nature.In the process of observation, study and attemptstransfer natural phenomena is the formation of aesthetic education of schoolchildren. The environment as an aesthetic value is only in the process of its objective development.
How to do it? To explore the world of beauty at this stage will help hike in the bosom of wildlife, participate in creative circles, activities as "Young Naturalists". Children's visit to theatrical productions, exhibitions, art galleries allows children to understand how an aesthetic formation of the art of the environment. And how the works of art reflect the aesthetics of everyday life and the culture of the people.
In the upper grades, the concept of beauty as aobject of aesthetics schoolchildren learn not only in the classroom of the creative cycle. The search for harmony and aesthetics of the world they must learn to see in everything: in the family, the surrounding space, in the subjects, clothing and standards of behavior. It is the ability to find harmony is the principle of aesthetic mastery of the world.
Formation of the skill to see harmony in the surrounding world
Aesthetic education is not limited to knowledge of beauty. The next step in the world of aesthetics is the ability to find beauty in the world around us.
At this stage, the general knowledge of beauty becomesthe basis to find harmony in all phenomena of the surrounding world and moreover a stimulus for correlating one's own ideas of beauty with classical standards.
Aesthetic formation by the art of the surroundingenvironment is the highest criterion of the value of creations. This is the practical result of art. If children can understand the importance of this process, they will never lower the importance and role of creativity in people's lives.
Practical application of the acquired knowledge of beauty in the objective activity
Practical forms of children's creativity - this is a very important stage in the development of personality, they directly affect the formation of aesthetic culture of schoolchildren.The ability to be not only a consumer of theoretical knowledge, the discovery of the ability to exert personal influence on the world around him, is a step in the formation of a creative personality.
From this moment the schoolboy can awaken in himselfcreative forces and open personal resources. Making the world around you more beautiful and more perfect is very important. It does not matter in what form it happens. The aesthetic formation of the art of the environment takes place in an accessible form for the children: to make a beautiful craft, to take part in a creative exhibition of paintings, to capture in the photo the unique moment of awakening of nature from hibernation ... It is important that the discovery of beauty and the forms of its manifestation occurs through the prism of one's personal vision.
Aesthetic development of children and its role in the formation of personality
Mastering the objective world in accordance with the laws of beauty appears as an aesthetic one. Forming the art of the environment-This is an active process of man, aimed at the transformation of reality.
Plant a tree, arrange a bird feeder - withThis begins aesthetic education, which is further consolidated in the norm of responsibility for the world around. His role in the formation of personality is significant:
- It helps a person to become useful to society and get recognition of its members.
- Creates a creative direction of activity that has value for society and brings benefits to it, forms new values and meanings.
- Influences progressive development.